中國智慧農業網 傳播智慧真知,服務農業未來 2019-10-28T16:42:27Z http://www.itmecezq.cn/feed/atom WordPress http://www.itmecezq.cn/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/cropped-logo1-32x32.jpg 中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[The Number One Article on Buy Essay]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=918 2019-10-28T16:42:27Z 2019-10-28T16:42:27Z New Questions About Buy Essay

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中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[What Everybody Dislikes About Science Insider and Why]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=915 2019-10-28T14:13:10Z 2019-10-28T14:13:10Z The Do’s and Don’ts of Science Insider

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Totally, which is just why I wished to try for myself. It’s better to know as much as possible about it. In case you have only a little, it is going to get worse.

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中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[The Fundamentals of Biology Regents Revealed]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=913 2019-10-28T13:48:26Z 2019-10-28T13:48:26Z Type of Biology Regents

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中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[中國飛防走向世界:DJI 大疆農業參與國際無人機噴灑標準制定]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=906 2019-10-28T03:24:05Z 2019-10-28T03:24:05Z  10 月 23 日至 25 日,由 DJI 大疆農業協辦的第四次無人機噴灑系統標準工作組(ISO/ TC23/ SC6/WG25)會議于深圳召開。來自中國、美國、英國、德國、西班牙、韓國、日本等國的專家和代表出席了會議,深入審議植保無人機 ISO 國際標準。這也是無人機噴灑系統標準工作組會議第一次于中國召開。

  標準制定進行時

  10 月 23 日上午,深圳市市場監督管理局標準處副處長徐均偉為大會致辭。會上,全國農業技術推廣服務中心農藥與藥械處推廣研究員郭永旺分享了多項行業核心數據,指出植保無人機已經成為專業化統防統治的主體機型,但施藥技術依舊是亟待解決的核心問題。

  中國農業大學藥械與施藥技術研究中心何雄奎教授則以多項實驗表明,對于小型耕地,無人機是理想的植保械具。韓國首爾大學 JoongYong Rhee 教授同時結合韓國植保無人機的發展脈絡與問題,對標準的框架提出分析建議。

  在三天激烈的討論中,各國專家與學者不斷碰撞出可執行的方案,并在 ISO 無人機噴灑系統標準的制訂上取得重大進展。會議同時決定由中國專家負責起草后續提案,中國農業大學、中國農機化研究院與 DJI 大疆創新將繼續深度參與其中。

  規范推動行業發展

  隨著植保無人機在全球范圍內的逐步普及,植保無人機行業標準與規范的制定成為推動行業發展的關鍵因素。

  隸屬于國際標準化組織( ISO )的農林拖拉機和機械標準化技術委員會( ISO/TC23 ),專業從事拖拉機、植物保護設備、農業電子等領域的標準研究,其下無人機噴灑系統工作組(WG25)的成立,意味著植保無人機行業邁入全球標準化時代。

  2018 年,植保無人機國際標準工作組首次會議在加拿大舉行。會上同時確認將我國提出的植保無人機施藥飛行參數、植保作業參數、不同劑型施藥技術等系列國際標準方案,作為基準框架進行研討與修訂。

  加拿大植保無人機國際標準會議確立了我國在植保無人機國際標準化領域的重要地位,將我國成功的植保飛防經驗推向國際舞臺。

  厚積薄發搭建生態

  作為植保機賽道上的領跑者,DJI 大疆農業積極參與植保無人機國際標準的探討與制定,為各項實驗提供支持,促進行業規范發展。

  2019 年 6 月,植保無人機國際標準工作組會議于西班牙巴塞羅那舉行, DJI 大疆農業受邀代表中國團隊進行飛行噴灑演示,讓各國代表團近距離了解植保無人機的工作流,為標準制定提供重要參考。

  除了深度參與植保無人機國際標準的制定,將豐富的實驗數據應用于標準中, DJI 大疆農業在藥劑與飛防技術優化等方面持續精進,并通過與中國農業大學、中國農科院、華南農業大學等高校與科研機構建立戰略合作關系,開展植保無人機關鍵技術、作業標準等方面的研發與協同創新。

  植保無人機 ISO 國際標準的逐步推進,也為我國進一步做好無人機系列標準工作打下良好基礎。未來,DJI 大疆農業將不遺余力參與植保無人機國際標準化的制定,為我國精準農業規范化、標準化、智能化發展貢獻力量。

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中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[青島“海水稻”最快明年下半年上餐桌]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=904 2019-10-28T03:20:26Z 2019-10-28T03:20:26Z 金秋,正是一個收獲的季節。在位于李滄區白泥地公園內的青島海水稻研究發展中心試驗基地內,由”共和國勛章”獲得者、中國工程院院士袁隆平掛帥的”海水稻”(耐鹽堿水稻,下同)項目再次迎來收獲。10月24日,記者在試驗基地看到,這里今年5月份種下的近1000份”海水稻”材料整齊、挺拔,一陣微風拂來,稻子輕輕擺動,泛起陣陣金黃色”浪花”,伴隨著工作人員飛快的鐮刀,一場忙碌的秋收畫面逐漸展開。

“這塊試驗田主要用來篩選材料,從播種、插秧、分蘗、孕穗、抽穗,再到成熟,一直用千分之五濃度的鹽水灌溉,以進行耐鹽品種(品系)復測,看看結實率和產量。”在試驗基地內的9號試驗田,青島海水稻研究發展中心研發副主任李繼明博士邊割著稻子邊說,”有些耐鹽堿材料表現不穩定,第一年表現耐鹽,第二年就不一定,因為田里的鹽度分布不均勻,有的地方高,有的地方低。用兩到三年的時間,試一試材料的穩定性。”

今年,已是青島海水稻研究發展中心試驗基地種植”海水稻”的第三年。那么,青島”海水稻”何時能端上老百姓的餐桌,最近又取得了哪些新進展?

最快明年下半年端上百姓餐桌

目前,青島海水稻研究發展中心已掌握了2000余份“海水稻”材料,其中,表現好、高耐鹽堿的材料近200份。2017年9月份,經來自中國科學院等單位的專家現場小面積收割理論測產,yc0045海水稻材料產量為620.95千克,足足比預期的300千克畝產翻了一番有余。

耐鹽堿水稻從試驗田走向老百姓的餐桌,從發現一個優良材料到讓它穩定高產,過程曲折而漫長。從試驗田小面積測評到區域試驗,再到申請國家品種審定,至少需要三年時間。

“今年是區域試驗的第三年,已經從黃海地區和北方組報了7個品種參加審定,隨著國家政策的更新,國家農業部門以前需要一年時間的DUS數據,現在需要兩年時間的數據,也就是一致性和穩定性測試的數據。因此,還需要補充一年時間的DUS數據,今年會把數據補齊、上報。”李繼明說,“國家農業部門的標準主要包括千分之三到千分之五的鹽度,不能低于或者高于這個標準,因為高于千分之五,很多材料過不了關。最少三百公斤的畝產,安全、抗病蟲害和抗高溫的能力。”

“沒有問題的話,最快明年3月至5月就可以通過國家審定,預計至少會有1個性狀穩定、品質優良的品種通過審定,然后就可以大面積推廣。老百姓吃上‘海水稻’,要到明年的下半年,因為通過國家審定后,水稻還需要5個月左右的生長周期。”李繼明說。

而在通過國家農業部門的品種審定之前,青島海水稻研究發展中心已經對耐鹽堿水稻材料做了三年的區域試驗,包括實驗室檢測耐鹽度,以及在山東、浙江、內蒙古和新疆大面積試驗種植。“也包括在海南三亞的南繁加代育種,從南繁基地運回的‘海水稻’材料還會在研發中心的人工氣候室進行芽期和苗期的篩選,在實驗室里進行性狀觀察,將耐鹽堿、高產優質以及抗病抗蟲害等不同優良性狀的材料進行分配播種。”青島海水稻研究發展中心耐鹽堿項目經理于萌說。

全國布局9大基地

2018年5月份,青島海水稻研究發展中心在城陽區、新疆喀什岳普湖、黑龍江大慶、山東東營和浙江溫州同時插秧,分別代表了濱海小流域鹽堿地、新疆干旱半干旱鹽堿地、東北蘇打凍土鹽堿地、環渤海鹽堿地和東南沿海新生鹽堿地等類型,再加上陜西延安南泥灣次生鹽堿和退化耕地的稻作改良,這6處基地實現了“海水稻”對我國主要鹽堿地類型的“全覆蓋”。

今年,該中心將“版圖”延伸至濰坊、黑龍江鐵力、河南淅川,擴至9個基地,計劃種植兩萬畝。

在塔克拉瑪干沙漠邊緣的新疆岳普湖縣巴依阿瓦提鄉,青島海水稻研究發展中心為了更好獲得“海水稻”耐鹽堿數據,選取了與沙漠相連、表面被白色鹽殼覆蓋的地塊作為試驗田,建設了300畝的試驗基地。“這里以前沒種過水稻,土地都是鹽殼子,土壤的鹽度達到千分之十七,屬于重度鹽堿土地。通過土壤改良和品種改良,今年試種的300畝水稻平均畝產普遍達到了500公斤以上。收獲完成后,將運回青島中心進行進一步育種研究。”李繼明說。

在黑龍江省大慶市肇源縣的重度鹽堿地基地,該中心種植了66個高代水稻品系,并從中篩選到9個強耐堿水稻品系。經測算,高產田塊平均畝產達500多公斤。同時,該中心今年還在黑龍江伊春鐵力市設立了首個寒地水稻育種試驗站,在此開展寒地育種項目,以滿足內蒙古自治區、黑龍江省、吉林省、遼寧省水稻種植區域需求,對進行耐堿水稻的耐寒性研究和推廣具有較強的區域代表性。“在東北地區用得最多的就是黑龍江第三積溫帶的品種。在鐵力選育的品種本身就是在這個氣候區做耐寒性測試的,可提高老百姓種植的穩定性。”青島海水稻研究發展中心營銷中心總監王自林介紹。

在城陽基地,在2018年耐鹽堿水稻全國范圍試種試驗的基礎上,今年,將通過農業智能芯片、云平臺、智能機械、5G網絡的示范應用,將大數據、云計算、區塊鏈、物聯網等植入農業領域,推進土地數字化、農業智慧化、智慧產業化發展模式,助力智慧農業發展。全面構建打造“土地改良+種植服務+裝備智造+產業聚集”產業鏈滾動發展的智慧農業發展“城陽模式”。

“海水雜交稻”將成發展方向

“耐鹽堿水稻已經成為青島的一張名片,青島作為我們的研發總部,以此向全國或全世界發散。”李繼明說,“海水雜交稻是我們的優勢,將來肯定要朝這方面發展。”

青島海水稻研究發展中心今年走的是海水雜交稻路線,因常規稻的耐鹽堿優勢并沒有海水雜交稻的優勢明顯。“以前種的是不經過雜交的常規稻,去年在三亞雜交組合,今年在中心試驗基地種植,有兩組表現非常特殊。所以,今年我們計劃到海南繼續制種。”于萌說。

“常規稻是個基礎,是一個親本,作為一個父本或者母本來選育,選育好以后再用雜交稻的方式培育。”李繼明介紹,“而耐鹽堿雜交材料的來源,父本是由青島海水稻研究發展中心研發,母本主要是合作單位提供的不育系。將來父本和母本都是耐鹽堿的,耐鹽堿能力就提升了。”

今年,青島海水稻研究發展中心在黑龍江大慶基地發現有9個高耐堿品種。一般的水稻品種在pH值8.5以上的堿性土壤中是不能抽穗以及正常生長的,今年該中心的研發人員發現在pH值10.2的情況下,大慶基地的水稻材料還能和大田里一樣正常生長,因此,他們篩選出了這9個品種。“因為我們是在大慶這個區域發現生長不錯,換個區域就不一定。下一步,要通過雜交的方式,進行不同生育期、不同生產類型育種。明年,計劃在青島和江蘇連云港做耐鹽堿水稻的大面積示范種植。”于萌說。

“對去年工作打60分的話,今年的工作可以打到80分。原因是有了新品種、新的不育系,耐堿的品種達到了9個,而且有兩三個品種的表現非常優異。再就是,我們的基地進一步向北方擴展。”李繼明說。

“耐鹽堿水稻種植的正式研究是在青島開始的,2016年,我們在青島建立研發中心,把全國力量集中起來推進‘海水稻’研發。在共同努力下,目前已經取得很大進展。”袁隆平院士此前表示,“我有兩個夢想:一是雜交水稻高產再高產;二是把‘海水稻’推廣到一億畝,總產量達到300億公斤,多養活8000萬人口。我有信心,肯定會成功。”

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中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[為什么要使用農業無人機主要好處和最佳做法]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=902 2019-10-28T03:19:15Z 2019-10-28T03:19:15Z 盡管最初是為軍事目的而建造的無人機(又名無人機),但現在已廣泛應用于許多行業。隨著無人機的市場規模達到13億美元,就無人機采用而言,農業現已成為僅次于建筑的第二大產業。

  農業無人機的未來前景看好:分析師稱 ,到2026年,農業無人機市場將達到65.2億美元,增長率為31%,貨運量增長率為4%。隨著無人機成本的降低以及農業中無人機軟件的日益成熟,需求持續增長。

  在本文中,我們將探討在農業中使用無人機的主要好處以及最壯觀的用例。請繼續閱讀以了解更多信息!

  為什么要使用農業無人機

  那么,無人機可以為農業做些什么呢?這個問題的答案歸結為整體效率的提高,但是無人機的意義遠不止于此。隨著無人機成為智能(或“精密”)農業不可或缺的一部分,它們可以幫助農民應對各種挑戰并獲得大量收益。

  這些好處大部分來自消除任何猜測和減少不確定性。農業的成功通常取決于多種因素,農民對天氣和土壤條件,溫度,降水等的控制很少或沒有控制。效率的關鍵在于他們的適應能力,這在很大程度上受到可用性的影響準確的近實時信息。

  在這里,無人機技術的使用可以真正改變游戲規則。通過獲取大量數據,農民可以提高農作物產量,節省時間,減少開支并以無與倫比的準確性和精確度行事。

  我們今天所知道的世界是快節奏的:變化,變更和轉變幾乎在眨眼間發生。適應至關重要,鑒于人口增長和全球氣候變化,農民將被要求利用新一代技術來應對新出現的挑戰。

  無人機技術的工作原理

  為了更好地了解農業中使用的無人機,讓我們仔細研究無人機技術。通常,無人機構造包括推進和導航系統,GPS,傳感器和照相機,可編程控制器以及用于自動飛行的設備。

  用于農業無人機的技術的構建使其能夠捕獲比飛機和衛星能夠收集的更準確的信息。基于無人機的agritech軟件處理收集的數據,并以易于閱讀的格式發送數據。

  總而言之,農業無人機的數據收集過程包括四個邏輯步驟:

  1.指示飛行參數:概述和評估監視區域,并將GPS信息上傳到無人機導航系統。

  2.自主飛行:無人機根據預先設定的參數執行飛行模式并收集所需數據。

  3.數據上傳:無人機將其捕獲的數據提交進行處理和分析。

  4.信息輸出:數據處理后,以可讀格式發送給農民。該報告包含有見地的信息,這些信息有助于做出更好的服務器場管理決策。

  無人機農業最佳實踐

  由于無人機能夠快速有效地提供最新信息,因此將無人機用于精準農業的勢頭越來越大。無人機軟件的發展及其整體可承受性也導致了無人機應用的增加。現在,讓我們探討無人機如何更具體地用于農業。

  估算土壤狀況

  智能農業是數據驅動的,使農民能夠根據土壤狀況的準確信息采取行動。提取此數據以前涉及到現場進行物理訪問并手動收集指標。配備了農業智能傳感器的無人機可以收集和傳送這些數據-不用說,它們還可以更快,更精確的方式進行處理。

  種植未來作物

  準備好要種植的土壤,然后用無人駕駛飛機向其中發射種子,而不要使用過時的種植技術。使用無人機進行種子種植相對較新;但是,一些公司正在嘗試這種方法。

  例如, DroneSeed 是一家使用無人機技術進行農作物種植的初創公司。無人駕駛飛機還可以用水,肥料或除草劑噴灑田野,從而減少成本,體力勞動以及在這些過程上花費的時間。

  抵抗感染和害蟲

  農業無人機不僅可以使用熱能,多光譜和高光譜技術向農民告知土壤狀況,而且還可以檢測到雜草,感染和病蟲害造成的農田。根據這些數據,農民可以決定抗擊病蟲害所需的確切化學品數量,不僅有助于減少支出,而且有助于改善田間健康。

  農業噴涂

  智慧農場還使用無人機進行農業噴灑,這有助于限制人類與化肥,農藥和其他有害化學物質的接觸。無人機可以比車輛和飛機更快,更高效地完成這項任務。對于仍然使用體力勞動的農場來說,它們也是一個很好的選擇。

  在現場治療方面,無人機也是不可替代的。他們可以使用傳感器和攝像頭檢測感染區域并對其進行處理,同時保持原野的健康狀態不變。這不僅節省時間并提高了安全性,而且還有助于減少費用。

  作物監測

  農田占地很大,估計作物的總體狀況通常幾乎是不可能的。通過使用無人機進行農業制圖,農民可以隨時了解特定地區植物的健康狀況,并指出需要關注的田地。

  為了估計農作物的狀況,無人機用紅外熱像儀檢查田野并確定光吸收率。根據準確的實時信息,農民可以采取措施改善任何位置的植物狀況。

  畜牧監測

  在畜牧業中,無人駕駛飛機可以在牧場上放牧時盯著牛,從而減少了在騎馬和卡車上對勞動力的需求。使用熱傳感器技術,無人機可以發現失落的牛,發現受傷或患病的動物并計算其確切數量。誠然,無人駕駛飛機比牧羊犬能夠做得更好。

  開發農業無人機解決方案之前需要考慮的事項

  無人機易于使用且相對便宜,但是在實施無人機解決方案之前,需要考慮一些重要事項。將您的農場轉變為無人駕駛農業技術企業所涉及的步驟包括以下五個方面:

  1.確定目標

  農業無人機的應用范圍很廣:田間和作物監測,種子種植,牲畜監視等。您希望它們做什么?確定您認為從無人機中受益最大的核心場過程。

  2.研究立法

  更好的是,聘請律師來處理與商業無人機使用有關的所有法律事宜。這些會因您所在的國家或居住州而異。如果需要,請注冊您的無人機,并找出可以在您所在地區合法使用的無人機類型。另外,請仔細閱讀有關飛行無人機的安全說明,因為一旦發生事故,您將被追究責任。

  3.確定無人機硬件

  根據您要完成的任務,有必要確定為無人機配備哪種硬件。例如,對于作物健康監控,您的無人機將需要紅外攝像機。如果要用它來估計土壤狀況,則需要合適的傳感器等。簡而言之,您的無人機功能將取決于您要考慮的任務。

  4.選擇無人機軟件的類型

  您的無人機收集的數據必須使用農業無人機軟件進行處理。根據您的無人機類型,您很可能需要導航和飛行管理軟件,地圖以及數據和圖像處理軟件。在某些情況下,無法使用現成的現成的軟件,因此您需要定制的解決方案。

  5.開發定制無人機軟件

  在初始階段,這需要了解數據收集,分析和可視化過程。進一步,您將需要深入的植物生理知識,以指導軟件算法識別指示植物狀況的某些模式(土壤條件或牲畜農場的牛行為模式也是如此)。

  您還必須決定最佳的圖像處理類型,以及無人機數據如何與其他指標(例如濕度,溫度,現場地形等)相關聯。

  最后的想法

  農業無人機技術具有通過多種方式改變現代農業的潛力。但是,要想從中充分受益,農民必須經過仔細的準備過程-從估算業務目標到確定合適的硬件堆棧和無人機軟件功能。

  總而言之,農業無人機技術開發是一項復雜的任務,需要與可靠的第三方無人機硬件和軟件解決方案提供商合作。

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中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[“智慧農業”采用RFID標簽助農產品“升級”]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=900 2019-10-28T03:17:56Z 2019-10-28T03:17:56Z 走進懷寧縣平山鎮缽盂湖綠洲禽業合作社的400畝“稻蝦共生”基地,這里表面上看起來與普通種植基地并沒有多大差別,但十幾個高清攝像頭對準稻田每一個角落,水下還安裝了幾十個傳感器。而在養殖基地,200多頭小黃牛都配套了RFID(射頻識別)標簽,通過固定式和手持式RFID識讀設備,記錄黃牛飼養、加工全過程。

10月19日,在綠洲禽業合作社的物聯網總控制室里,合作社負責人范群英緊盯著12塊高清大屏幕,上面顯示出三個基地實時數據,同時還顯示出溫度、濕度、二氧化碳、PH值、紫外輻射等指標近30個。 “我們合作社的物聯網技術主要應用于稻鴨共生、稻蝦共生、大別山黃牛養殖和大米、牛肉、鴨產品加工、銷售等。通過對農業生產的全要素,包括氣象、土壤、水分、肥料、作物生長狀況等的全面感知,利用大數據傳輸、分析智能等方法,實施基地管控,從而保障農產品質量和農業高產高效。 ”

范群英介紹說,他們利用環境監測系統中所采集的數據,從流程上對日常養殖、屠宰、加工、冷藏、運輸等全過程進行管理,結合生態種養過程中的環境監測信息、生產管理中的具體作業環節,為每批產品發放“身份證”,生產過程視頻監控,產品質量可追溯,每件產品都有追溯碼,從而保證了產品的高質量。

“我們物聯網技術投資約300萬元,當地政府獎補了一半左右。 ”范群英告訴記者,由于投資較大,當初他也是心存疑慮,但是經過一兩年的市場發展,他覺得這個投資很值得。范群英說,他們合作社每年都要銷售30多萬只鴨子到上海等地,當地消費者非常重視食品安全,但是又不能隨時來到生產基地考察,自從運用物聯網技術,消費者通過掃描產品上的二維碼,就可以通過手機或者電腦實時觀看基地生產狀況。 “這樣我們的產品安全可信度就高了,鴨子產品的價格這幾年上漲了20%左右。 ”

立體化、多功能、全方位的數字化管理系統在平山鎮大顯身手。這些技術已逐步被該鎮眾多種養大戶所應用。輕點手機,查看稻田里龍蝦生長情況;在線下單,優質農產品銷往千家萬戶;導航定位,農業產業化企業連上 “大數據”……集互聯網、云計算和物聯網為一體,這些看上去“高大上”的信息技術,如今開始走向平山鎮的田間地頭,讓農業變得聰明起來。

“智慧農業就是好,我坐在家里通過手機就可以看到幾公里外3000多畝稻蝦共生基地地里的溫度、濕度、光照、病蟲害等信息,線上還有農業專家指導。 ”種植大戶程國才高興地說,他家的大米在市場上的價格非常高,每斤8元還不愁銷路。

在平山鎮農興農業花卉基地,一處顯示屏上記錄著每個花卉大棚的實時數據。技術人員只要點一下手機上的APP,智能水肥一體化設備就可以實現為大棚花卉精準灌溉、施肥,標準化的自動控制、自動灌溉、自動噴藥、自動排濕通風、自動監測……一個人可以管理上十個花卉大棚。

據平山鎮鎮長丁江波介紹,當地農業物聯網技術的普遍應用,促進了傳統農業“觸網升級”,全鎮15家農業產業化龍頭企業,通過監測與采集圖像、土壤、氣象、病蟲害等信息,運用數據分析,為科學種植、養殖、食品安全溯源、農產品品牌打造提供數據服務,有效提高了農產品品質,降低了生產成本。丁江波告訴記者,農情監測物聯網和智能裝備的應用,可減少用工30%,水資源利用率提高30%,作物效益或單產提高10%以上。

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中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[重慶市榮昌設立農牧高新專項項目]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=826 2019-10-25T02:38:20Z 2019-10-25T02:38:20Z 10月22日,重慶榮昌農牧高新技術產業研發專項項目評審會在榮昌舉行,來自中國農業大學、西南大學、重慶市畜牧科學院、重慶永健生物技術有限責任公司等科研院校及農牧高新企業的21個項目入圍評審。通過評審會審定合格的項目,將得到榮昌農牧高新專項項目管理辦公室的有力資助,資助金額在50萬元到500萬元不等。

重慶榮昌農牧高新技術產業研發專項項目由重慶市科學技術局、榮昌國家高新區、重慶市畜牧科學院三方共同出資設立。其中,市科技局每年出資200萬元、榮昌國家高新區每年出資不低于1000萬元、市畜牧科學院每年出資不低于1000萬元,連續支持三年,合同總金額不低于6600萬元。

該項目資助方向圍繞榮昌區農牧高新技術產業發展重大需求,突出市場導向、政產學研深度融合,聚焦具有全局性影響、帶動性強、具有前沿性的關鍵共性技術研發與示范、應用基礎研究,在動物育種、模式動物、生物飼料、智能裝備、大數據、食品加工、生物醫藥、資源環境等方向進行聯合攻關。

據了解,榮昌國家高新區是2018年3月經國務院批準設立的國內首個以農牧為特色的國家高新區。

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中國智慧農業網 <![CDATA[自動化 大數據 5G物聯網…… 數字經濟賦能現代農業]]> http://www.itmecezq.cn/?p=824 2019-10-25T02:37:07Z 2019-10-25T02:37:07Z 未來農業是什么模樣?高新技術與農業相遇會擦出怎樣的“火花”?在今年楊凌農高會上,看自動化、大數據、5G物聯網如何服務農業,就可以找到答案。

AI智能采摘機器人精準摘果裝箱

世界上每七個蘋果,就有一個來自陜西。蘋果好吃,但對于種植戶來說,采摘蘋果可是個苦活、累活。在楊凌農高會D館人頭攢動,一棵矮化蘋果樹上掛滿了果實,一個采摘機器人伸出長長的手臂,精準握住,摘下一只蘋果,然后“轉身”放入箱中……這便是免除摘蘋果辛勞的高科技產品——AI智能采摘機器人。

這臺自動化水平相當高的設備是由上海展商帶來的,僅運費花費兩萬元,一亮相立刻成為焦點。現場負責演示的工作人員告訴記者,這款機器人由兩部分組成,一部分是機械手,一部分是底盤,也是全方向自動駕駛平臺。

別看它是個機器人,它也有溫柔的部分,記者觀察AI智能采摘機器人的手部模仿了章魚觸手的外形,搭配柔和的塑料質地,采摘過程中,不傷果,甚至直接裝箱,除蘋果外還可以采摘桃子、梨和十公斤以下的西瓜等農產品。此外,這款機器人還安裝了燈光設備,不分晝夜均可進行采摘作業,自身載重量也達到2噸。這款機器人還在最后實驗階段,預計2020年將走進田間地頭。

清晰直觀了解區域農業情況

在農高會D館,華為展區吸引了眾多技術控的關注,軟通智慧等大數據服務企業將農業生產數據實時展示給觀眾,讓參觀者直觀感受到大數據為農業帶來的改變。

“這一平臺基于華為搭建的數字化基礎設施,以此為基礎,建設的農業生產大數據系統可以為政府端服務,也可以為企業端等涉農中小企業提供數據服務。通過大數據平臺,政府可以清晰直觀地了解區域農業數據,并通過大數據進行決策;而農業企業在數據使用的過程中,會產生一些衍生數據,所有的生產環節可以通過大數據進行判斷,得到可溯源的數據支撐。在數據系統中,還可以直接得到專家點對點業務咨詢。”軟通智慧科技有限公司生態合作總監謝志華指著大屏幕介紹說。

“我們希望通過區域構建農業生產大數據系統,來構建區域農產品品牌,用數字化力量幫助農業增效、農民增收。”謝志華說,目前農業生產大數據系統在湖南益陽、浙江諸暨和四川阿壩州小金縣等地區已經建設完畢。

實現作業環境智能化控制

一處種植著綠色蔬菜的大棚,棚內時而“下雨”,時而“陽光普照”。在數字農業展區,耘尚科技展出的微縮智慧大棚特別吸睛,在棚內溫度濕度感應器、水肥系統、光照系統等“物件”全部聯上了網,通過互聯網系統可在手機端、電腦端進行遠程操作,實現屏幕上的智慧農業。

“從收集實時數據到對比決策系統,再到全方位智慧種植,我們根據農作物最優生長環境模型與實時數據比對,對環境進行智能化控制。這不但可以實現種地無人看守,而且將傳統智慧大棚的成本節約了50%。”耘尚科技總經理薛蒙告訴記者,“目前,智慧大棚系統已經走出國門,與越南開展農業合作。遠在楊凌就可操控越南當地大棚系統。通過農高會,也期待把我們的農業技術推廣到更多的國家去。”

“除此之外,我們集成了應用云計算技術、物聯網技術、大數據技術等,結合農業專家的專業知識與行業經驗,通過智能的管控和決策體系,對農業全產業鏈的各生產環節進行信息化管理,從而降低整個產業鏈的運營成本,提高運轉效率。”薛蒙說。

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